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#26 2013-05-14 20:59:57

xoraxiom
Member
Registered: 2013-03-07
Posts: 41

Re: Even faster boots with Systemd

ConsoleKit is redundant with how systemd-logind is implemented in Arch (along with acpid, etc IF your DE plays nicely with systemd), but the Debian implementation of systemd (outlined in the OP) still keeps/uses most of the regular sysvinit bits.

From the baseline install, if you simply:

apt-get install systemd

and append "init=/bin/systemd" in /etc/default/grub, like this:

GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="quiet init=/bin/systemd"

One can switch between sysvinit or systemd at boot time by editing that line. Installing systemd-sysv forces Debian to use systemd (by removing sysvinit), but does not otherwise change how systemd is implemented in Debian. To get a pure systemd set-up, one would need to strip-out out all of the scripts, etc which are specific to the default sysvinit set-up.

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Be excellent to each other!

#27 2013-05-15 16:49:19

Gordon
#! CrunchBanger
From: Blackpool, Lancashire, UK
Registered: 2012-05-22
Posts: 238

Re: Even faster boots with Systemd

Hi All,

Just dropped in to say that I have just installed systemd with no problems having followed Super-Nathan instructions on a new installation of #! sid to see what would happen / what it does. switched to lightdm at the same time all runs ok. it certainly seems to boot up faster that's for sure. Thanks for the info Super-Nathan it worked well


Cheers smile smile
Gordon
Using Janice Testing at present also sid and systemd and  VSIDO
A7N8X delux motherboard, 1 GB ram, AMD ATHLON XP 2800+ ( 2255 Mhz ), Nvidia Geforce PNY 62000 graphics card

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#28 2013-05-16 15:09:22

zubcho81
#! CrunchBanger
From: Sofia, Bulgaria
Registered: 2012-08-12
Posts: 209

Re: Even faster boots with Systemd

Ok, let us discuss how to tweak systemd to load the system faster. Can you tell me how to tell systemd to start some process when it is needed and just "watch" for it?

Startup finished in 4427ms (kernel) + 12772ms (userspace) = 17200ms
5161ms preload.service
  3221ms upower.service
  3105ms NetworkManager.service
  3076ms console-kit-daemon.service
  2980ms anacron.service
  2899ms keyboard-setup.service
  2804ms clamav-freshclam.service
  2296ms avahi-daemon.service
  2115ms binfmt-support.service
  1724ms wpa_supplicant.service
  1723ms bootlogs.service
  1651ms systemd-logind.service
  1561ms rtkit-daemon.service
  1535ms virtualbox.service
  1492ms slim.service
  1388ms cron.service
  1307ms loadcpufreq.service
  1227ms console-kit-log-system-start.service
  1155ms smartmontools.service
  1107ms hddtemp.service
  1059ms motd.service
  1028ms minissdpd.service
   996ms ntp.service
   948ms hdparm.service
   916ms udev.service
   915ms rc.local.service
   867ms nvidia-kernel.service
   860ms mcelog.service
   803ms saned.service
   775ms lm-sensors.service
   723ms dev-mqueue.mount
   692ms dev-hugepages.mount
   660ms sys-kernel-security.mount
   631ms systemd-modules-load.service
   623ms systemd-user-sessions.service
   591ms udev-trigger.service
   579ms systemd-tmpfiles-setup.service
   567ms systemd-sysctl.service
   524ms sys-kernel-debug.mount
   487ms screen-cleanup.service
   468ms run-lock.mount
   456ms networking.service
   443ms alsa-utils.service
   423ms kbd.service
   403ms systemd-remount-api-vfs.service
   396ms proc-sys-fs-binfmt_misc.mount
   299ms pppd-dns.service
   264ms run-user.mount
   247ms console-setup.service
   234ms polkitd.service
   207ms remount-rootfs.service
   171ms openvpn.service
   152ms boot.mount
   151ms pulseaudio.service
   129ms home.mount
    59ms cpufrequtils.service
    16ms udisks.service
UNIT                          LOAD   ACTIVE SUB       JOB DESCRIPTION
proc-sys-...mt_misc.automount loaded active running       Arbitrary Executable File Form
sys-devic...ound-card0.device loaded active plugged       GF100 High Definition Audio Co
sys-devic...ound-card0.device loaded active plugged       GF100 High Definition Audio Co
sys-devic...k-sda-sda1.device loaded active plugged       Hitachi_HDT721064SLA360
sys-devic...k-sda-sda2.device loaded active plugged       Hitachi_HDT721064SLA360
sys-devic...k-sda-sda5.device loaded active plugged       Hitachi_HDT721064SLA360
sys-devic...k-sda-sda6.device loaded active plugged       Hitachi_HDT721064SLA360
sys-devic...k-sda-sda7.device loaded active plugged       Hitachi_HDT721064SLA360
sys-devic...k-sda-sda8.device loaded active plugged       Hitachi_HDT721064SLA360
sys-devic...k-sda-sda9.device loaded active plugged       Hitachi_HDT721064SLA360
sys-devic...-block-sda.device loaded active plugged       Hitachi_HDT721064SLA360
sys-devic...-block-sr0.device loaded active plugged       _NEC_DVD_RW_ND-3540A
sys-devic...ound-card1.device loaded active plugged       SB Audigy
sys-devic...0-net-eth0.device loaded active plugged       NC100 Network Everywhere Fast 
sys-devic...-tty-ttyS1.device loaded active plugged       /sys/devices/platform/serial82
sys-devic...-tty-ttyS2.device loaded active plugged       /sys/devices/platform/serial82
sys-devic...-tty-ttyS3.device loaded active plugged       /sys/devices/platform/serial82
sys-devic...-tty-ttyS0.device loaded active plugged       /sys/devices/pnp0/00:08/tty/tt
sys-devic...l-tty-tty0.device loaded active plugged       /sys/devices/virtual/tty/tty0
sys-devic...l-tty-tty1.device loaded active plugged       /sys/devices/virtual/tty/tty1
sys-devic...-tty-tty10.device loaded active plugged       /sys/devices/virtual/tty/tty10
sys-devic...-tty-tty11.device loaded active plugged       /sys/devices/virtual/tty/tty11
sys-devic...-tty-tty12.device loaded active plugged       /sys/devices/virtual/tty/tty12
sys-devic...l-tty-tty2.device loaded active plugged       /sys/devices/virtual/tty/tty2
sys-devic...l-tty-tty3.device loaded active plugged       /sys/devices/virtual/tty/tty3
sys-devic...l-tty-tty4.device loaded active plugged       /sys/devices/virtual/tty/tty4
sys-devic...l-tty-tty5.device loaded active plugged       /sys/devices/virtual/tty/tty5
sys-devic...l-tty-tty6.device loaded active plugged       /sys/devices/virtual/tty/tty6
sys-devic...l-tty-tty7.device loaded active plugged       /sys/devices/virtual/tty/tty7
sys-devic...l-tty-tty8.device loaded active plugged       /sys/devices/virtual/tty/tty8
sys-devic...l-tty-tty9.device loaded active plugged       /sys/devices/virtual/tty/tty9
sys-module-fuse.device        loaded active plugged       /sys/module/fuse
-.mount                       loaded active mounted       /
boot.mount                    loaded active mounted       /boot
dev-hugepages.mount           loaded active mounted       Huge Pages File System
dev-mqueue.mount              loaded active mounted       POSIX Message Queue File Syste
home.mount                    loaded active mounted       /home
proc-sys-fs-binfmt_misc.mount loaded active mounted       Arbitrary Executable File Form
run-lock.mount                loaded active mounted       Lock Directory
run-user-zubcho-gvfs.mount    loaded active mounted       /run/user/zubcho/gvfs
run-user.mount                loaded active mounted       User Runtime Directory
sys-fs-fuse-connections.mount loaded active mounted       FUSE Control File System
sys-kernel-debug.mount        loaded active mounted       Debug File System
sys-kernel-security.mount     loaded active mounted       Security File System
systemd-a...word-console.path loaded active waiting       Dispatch Password Requests to 
systemd-a...assword-wall.path loaded active waiting       Forward Password Requests to W
alsa-utils.service            loaded active exited        LSB: Restore and store ALSA dr
anacron.service               loaded active exited        LSB: Run anacron jobs
avahi-daemon.service          loaded active running       Avahi mDNS/DNS-SD Stack
binfmt-support.service        loaded active exited        LSB: Support for extra binary 
bootlogs.service              loaded active exited        LSB: Log file handling to be d
console-kit-daemon.service    loaded active running       Console Manager
console-k...tem-start.service loaded active exited        Console System Startup Logging
console-setup.service         loaded active exited        LSB: Set console font and keym
cpufrequtils.service          loaded active exited        LSB: set CPUFreq kernel parame
cron.service                  loaded active running       LSB: Regular background progra
dbus.service                  loaded active running       D-Bus System Message Bus
getty@tty1.service            loaded active running       Getty on tty1
hddtemp.service               loaded active exited        LSB: disk temperature monitori
hdparm.service                loaded active exited        LSB: Tune IDE hard disks
ifup@eth0.service             loaded active exited        ifup for eth0
kbd.service                   loaded active exited        LSB: Prepare console
keyboard-setup.service        loaded active exited        LSB: Set preliminary keymap
lm-sensors.service            loaded active exited        Initialize hardware monitoring
loadcpufreq.service           loaded active exited        LSB: Load kernel modules neede
mcelog.service                loaded active running       LSB: Machine Check Exceptions 
minissdpd.service             loaded active running       LSB: keep memory of all UPnP d
motd.service                  loaded active exited        LSB: Create dynamic part of /e
networking.service            loaded active exited        LSB: Raise network interfaces.
NetworkManager.service        loaded active running       Network Manager
ntp.service                   loaded active running       LSB: Start NTP daemon
nvidia-kernel.service         loaded active exited        LSB: create NVIDIA device node
openvpn.service               loaded active exited        LSB: Openvpn VPN service
polkitd.service               loaded active running       Authenticate and Authorize Use
pppd-dns.service              loaded active exited        LSB: Restore resolv.conf if th
preload.service               loaded active running       LSB: Adaptive readahead daemon
pulseaudio.service            loaded active exited        LSB: Start the PulseAudio soun
rc.local.service              loaded active exited        LSB: Run /etc/rc.local if it e
remount-rootfs.service        loaded active exited        Remount Root FS
rsyslog.service               loaded active running       System Logging Service
rtkit-daemon.service          loaded active running       RealtimeKit Scheduling Policy 
saned.service                 loaded active exited        LSB: SANE network scanner serv
screen-cleanup.service        loaded active exited        LSB: screen sessions cleaning
slim.service                  loaded active running       LSB: Start/stop the SLiM daemo
smartmontools.service         loaded active exited        LSB: SMART monitoring daemon
systemd-journald.service      loaded active running       Journal Service
systemd-logind.service        loaded active running       Login Service
systemd-modules-load.service  loaded active exited        Load Kernel Modules
systemd-r...t-api-vfs.service loaded active exited        Remount API VFS
systemd-sysctl.service        loaded active exited        Apply Kernel Variables
systemd-t...les-setup.service loaded active exited        Recreate Volatile Files and Di
systemd-user-sessions.service loaded active exited        Permit User Sessions
udev-trigger.service          loaded active exited        udev Coldplug all Devices
udev.service                  loaded active running       udev Kernel Device Manager
udisks.service                loaded active running       Storage Daemon
upower.service                loaded active running       Daemon for power management
virtualbox.service            loaded active exited        LSB: VirtualBox Linux kernel m
wpa_supplicant.service        loaded active running       WPA supplicant
avahi-daemon.socket           loaded active listening     Avahi mDNS/DNS-SD Stack Activa
dbus.socket                   loaded active running       D-Bus System Message Bus Socke
syslog.socket                 loaded active running       Syslog Socket
systemd-initctl.socket        loaded active listening     /dev/initctl Compatibility Nam
systemd-journald.socket       loaded active running       Journal Socket
systemd-shutdownd.socket      loaded active listening     Delayed Shutdown Socket
udev-control.socket           loaded active listening     udev Control Socket
udev-kernel.socket            loaded active running       udev Kernel Socket
dev-sda7.swap                 loaded active active        /dev/sda7
basic.target                  loaded active active        Basic System
cryptsetup.target             loaded active active        Encrypted Volumes
getty.target                  loaded active active        Login Prompts
graphical.target              loaded active active        Graphical Interface
local-fs-pre.target           loaded active active        Local File Systems (Pre)
local-fs.target               loaded active active        Local File Systems
multi-user.target             loaded active active        Multi-User
remote-fs.target              loaded active active        Remote File Systems
sockets.target                loaded active active        Sockets
sound.target                  loaded active active        Sound Card
swap.target                   loaded active active        Swap
sysinit.target                loaded active active        System Initialization
syslog.target                 loaded active active        Syslog
systemd-tmpfiles-clean.timer  loaded active waiting       Daily Cleanup of Temporary Dir

LOAD   = Reflects whether the unit definition was properly loaded.
ACTIVE = The high-level unit activation state, i.e. generalization of SUB.
SUB    = The low-level unit activation state, values depend on unit type.
JOB    = Pending job for the unit.

120 units listed. Pass --all to see inactive units, too.

1-st I want to disable my cd-rom from being initialized by the system and started when I press its eject button.

10x smile


Dried frog pills
As their name suggests, these are pills made chiefly from frogs, specifically the extremely poisonous ones that live in the vivarium at Unseen University and handled by the first-year students, so that if they kill one of them, not too much education has been wasted.

I use them daily! tongue

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#29 2013-05-16 17:15:50

james0610
#! Member
Registered: 2013-02-03
Posts: 91

Re: Even faster boots with Systemd

To Super-Nathan

You sir are amazing smile


"On The First Day, God Created Linux... And The Rest Was Easy"

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#30 2013-06-16 12:32:35

silince
#! CrunchBanger
Registered: 2010-07-22
Posts: 166

Re: Even faster boots with Systemd

Sorry for digging this thread up again.  I followed the instructions and it trebled my boot time to about 73 seconds!  Any tips?


Debian Wheezy on VeryPC Low Energy Desktop | Elementary on Lenovo Thinkpad SL510 | #! on Lenovo Ideapad S205 | Raspbmc on Pi | Linux Mint 17 XFCE on Lenovo W530.

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#31 2013-06-16 14:45:29

jinnstar
#! CrunchBanger
From: Philadelphia, Pa
Registered: 2009-07-19
Posts: 221

Re: Even faster boots with Systemd

Super-Nathan this just made my little waldorf sid nb205 boot in literally a blink. Thank you for posting this.  big_smile


Roar!

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#32 2013-06-16 15:21:15

mynis01
#! Die Hard
From: 127.0.0.1
Registered: 2010-07-02
Posts: 2,005

Re: Even faster boots with Systemd

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#33 2013-06-16 15:32:29

silince
#! CrunchBanger
Registered: 2010-07-22
Posts: 166

Re: Even faster boots with Systemd

I notice when I looked at the journalctl there was this:

:Assertion 'new_length >= 3' failed at src/util.c:4060, function ellipsize_mem(). Aborting.

Otherwise the top 4 from blame is:

4367ms lvm2.service
3676ms slim.service
3604ms console-kit-daemon.service
3582ms NetworkManager.service

Debian Wheezy on VeryPC Low Energy Desktop | Elementary on Lenovo Thinkpad SL510 | #! on Lenovo Ideapad S205 | Raspbmc on Pi | Linux Mint 17 XFCE on Lenovo W530.

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#34 2013-06-16 19:15:43

iann
#! Die Hard
Registered: 2010-09-10
Posts: 720

Re: Even faster boots with Systemd

None of those four are contributing much to a 72 second boot, and so the smaller tasks aren't either, unless you have hundreds of them.  Maybe bootchart the whole thing and see where it is sleeping.

Just what are you defining as the endpoint of your boot?

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#35 2013-06-17 08:01:49

silince
#! CrunchBanger
Registered: 2010-07-22
Posts: 166

Re: Even faster boots with Systemd

Tried it again today and it's not so much a slow boot time as hanging somewhere.  I think it might be doing a fsck each time perhaps.  How do I do the bootchart thing?


Debian Wheezy on VeryPC Low Energy Desktop | Elementary on Lenovo Thinkpad SL510 | #! on Lenovo Ideapad S205 | Raspbmc on Pi | Linux Mint 17 XFCE on Lenovo W530.

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#36 2013-06-17 08:54:00

silince
#! CrunchBanger
Registered: 2010-07-22
Posts: 166

Re: Even faster boots with Systemd

Ah - I think I found the issue: fstab.  Seems that systemd doesn't like UUIDs so I changed them to /dev/sd* and it seems to be fine now.


Debian Wheezy on VeryPC Low Energy Desktop | Elementary on Lenovo Thinkpad SL510 | #! on Lenovo Ideapad S205 | Raspbmc on Pi | Linux Mint 17 XFCE on Lenovo W530.

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#37 2013-06-17 09:17:20

Unia
#! Octo-portal-pussy
From: The Netherlands
Registered: 2010-07-17
Posts: 4,634
Website

Re: Even faster boots with Systemd

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#38 2013-06-17 09:20:41

silince
#! CrunchBanger
Registered: 2010-07-22
Posts: 166

Re: Even faster boots with Systemd

Yeah I think I spoke too soon.  Hmm.  Still think it might be something to do with filesystem checking.  Shutting down takes ages as well.


Debian Wheezy on VeryPC Low Energy Desktop | Elementary on Lenovo Thinkpad SL510 | #! on Lenovo Ideapad S205 | Raspbmc on Pi | Linux Mint 17 XFCE on Lenovo W530.

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#39 2013-06-17 12:41:27

mynis01
#! Die Hard
From: 127.0.0.1
Registered: 2010-07-02
Posts: 2,005

Re: Even faster boots with Systemd

:Assertion 'new_length >= 3' failed at src/util.c:4060, function ellipsize_mem(). Aborting.

Last edited by mynis01 (2013-06-17 12:42:11)

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#40 2013-06-17 14:31:25

iann
#! Die Hard
Registered: 2010-09-10
Posts: 720

Re: Even faster boots with Systemd

Installed on Wheezy as per instructions.  Worked first time, but slower than before.  Even after getting systemd-readahead sorted and stopping fsck on every drive on every boot, it was still a few seconds slower.  Looks like the readahead is not doing so great on my system, compared to readahead-fedora.  I think it is trying to be too cute, (reading "just in time" in the background?) and generally fouling up stuff that wants to run.  Also collecting way too many userspace files that start automatically a short while after the desktop is up.

Removed.  Don't like it, don't even like the idea.  If I wanted a master program doing everything for me out of sight I'd be running Windows lol

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#41 2013-06-17 18:11:12

iann
#! Die Hard
Registered: 2010-09-10
Posts: 720

Re: Even faster boots with Systemd

So, a good question might be why is it so much faster for some people?  Was the boot sequence poorly optimised before?  Is it a case of SSDs plus massive parallelism, which obviously only works well if you have an SSD and a few spare cores?  Perhaps the "ureadahead" style of reading in parallel with the boot works better on certain hardware?

For example, on my HDD it takes a good 2-3 seconds just to transfer the necessary files from the disk, already lumped, defragmented, and read in one chunk.  That simply can't be improved without better hardware.  The rest of the time, the CPU is hit pretty hard although probably there is room for a bit more if enough tasks were running in parallel.

Also, where does 3.5 seconds being timed to and from?  I noticed that systemd doesn't start its timing until several seconds after the equivalent sysvinit.  It might be informative to compare timings from dmesg.  Does that time get you to a login prompt?  X starting up?  Openbox being loaded and ready for input?  Maybe those questions would be answered by the links you gave but they won't load for me.

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#42 2013-06-17 18:40:26

mynis01
#! Die Hard
From: 127.0.0.1
Registered: 2010-07-02
Posts: 2,005

Re: Even faster boots with Systemd

Last edited by mynis01 (2013-06-17 18:40:50)

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#43 2013-06-17 22:51:18

cliffmiller
#! Member
From: Oz
Registered: 2013-05-07
Posts: 60

Re: Even faster boots with Systemd

systemd is quite slow here, here is the systemd-analyze blame output:

pipino@GLaDOS:~$ sudo systemd-analyze blame
  6954ms debian-enable-units.service
  4874ms systemd-modules-load.service
  4692ms bootlogs.service
  4629ms loadcpufreq.service
  4136ms winbind.service
  3273ms dev-hugepages.mount
  3273ms sys-kernel-debug.mount
  3273ms sys-kernel-security.mount
  3272ms dev-mqueue.mount
  3268ms run-user.mount
  3266ms run-lock.mount
  3183ms ntp.service
  2921ms nvidia-kernel.service
  2570ms slim.service
  2282ms keyboard-setup.service
  2207ms cron.service
  2130ms anacron.service
  2053ms rc.local.service
  2046ms saned.service
  1893ms binfmt-support.service
  1624ms NetworkManager.service
  1292ms wpa_supplicant.service
  1202ms minissdpd.service
  1201ms motd.service
  1167ms udev.service
  1139ms udisks.service
  1089ms upower.service
   929ms hdparm.service
   701ms networking.service
   651ms kbd.service
   587ms screen-cleanup.service
   578ms systemd-logind.service
   503ms pppd-dns.service
   501ms systemd-user-sessions.service
   474ms avahi-daemon.service
   462ms openvpn.service
   458ms console-kit-daemon.service
   445ms pulseaudio.service
   443ms rtkit-daemon.service
   437ms proc-sys-fs-binfmt_misc.mount
   286ms console-setup.service
   201ms systemd-remount-api-vfs.service
   189ms polkitd.service
   165ms systemd-tmpfiles-setup.service
   157ms udev-trigger.service
   123ms systemd-sysctl.service
    83ms console-kit-log-system-start.service
    32ms deluged.service
    23ms remount-rootfs.service
    11ms cpufrequtils.service

What can I do to speed things up?


Stop, Dave.
Will you stop, Dave?
Stop, Dave.
I'm afraid.

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#44 2013-06-17 22:55:40

Unia
#! Octo-portal-pussy
From: The Netherlands
Registered: 2010-07-17
Posts: 4,634
Website

Re: Even faster boots with Systemd

Ditch the Debian compatibility stuff and go with pure systemd. Systemd is implemented rather poorly in Debian, AFAIK. See your first service, for example.

Truth be told, I have no experience with systemd on Debian so I can not help you.

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#45 2013-06-17 22:57:08

cliffmiller
#! Member
From: Oz
Registered: 2013-05-07
Posts: 60

Re: Even faster boots with Systemd

How do I know which of these are compatibilty stuff?


Stop, Dave.
Will you stop, Dave?
Stop, Dave.
I'm afraid.

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#46 2013-06-17 23:36:50

Unia
#! Octo-portal-pussy
From: The Netherlands
Registered: 2010-07-17
Posts: 4,634
Website

Re: Even faster boots with Systemd

Last edited by Unia (2013-06-17 23:38:18)

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#47 2013-06-18 13:21:38

iann
#! Die Hard
Registered: 2010-09-10
Posts: 720

Re: Even faster boots with Systemd

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#48 2013-06-18 13:34:45

iann
#! Die Hard
Registered: 2010-09-10
Posts: 720

Re: Even faster boots with Systemd

Cliffmiller:

systemd-modules-load loads a static list of kernel modules right at the start.  This is inevitably slow and the only way to really speed it up is better hardware or less modules.

debian-enable-units should be run when systemd is installed, and again when relevant packages install a new service.  It shouldn't be doing anything significant at boot.  Perhaps reboot and see if it is still there.

Several of the other big hitters look like they are having to load kernel modules.  I have no clue why bootlogs is so slow.  It should only be tidying up dmesg/ksmg.  Look in /var/log and see if they, or the old compressed archives, are huge.

You could run systemd-analyze plot > /tmp/plot.svg to get a picture of the boot.  Possibly many of those tasks are running 20 at a time and just slowing eachother down.  Better yet is to install bootchart2 which gives a much clearer picture of what work is being done with IO and CPU rather than just how long each task takes.

Lastly, it seems that systemd-readahead is an automatic part of systemd but disabled, at least from Debian.  Enabling it is a simple systemctl command away and it should automatically profile your boot and then preload the necessary files.  I have no idea how it knows when "boot" is finished so it doesn't profile that those gigabytes of torrents you download, or whether it is clever enough to ignore a 2GB swap file, or how to make it run up front instead of in parallel which works well with some hardware but very badly with others.  I think it is basically ureadahead packed up, so you might get some clues from that package.

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#49 2013-06-29 03:16:22

samdraz
#! CrunchBanger
From: Earth
Registered: 2013-03-10
Posts: 233
Website

Re: Even faster boots with Systemd

i dont think better hardware makes boot faster..
i have desktop and a laptop
config as follows
Desktop:
core2 duo
2gb ram
nv520
boot time - 10 sec or sometimes less

laptop
i7-3630qm
6gb
intel hd 4000(i disabled nv in optimus)
boot time - 30 sec

both are running with kernel 3.9.7
An interesting note: webcam is working with desktop not with my laptop

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#50 2013-06-29 03:54:22

mynis01
#! Die Hard
From: 127.0.0.1
Registered: 2010-07-02
Posts: 2,005

Re: Even faster boots with Systemd

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